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BofA Merrill Lynch Global Research Launches Green Bond Index

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BofA Merrill Lynch Global Research announced the October 30 launch of the BofA Merrill Lynch Green Bond Index (ticker GREN). The index is designed to track the performance of debt issued by quasi-governments and corporations where the proceeds of the issue are to be used solely for projects and activities that promote climate or other environmental sustainability purposes. Development of the index has been driven by the growth of interest in this market segment following a recent surge in issuance and expectations for significant issuance to come.

“The first green bond was issued in 2007, but through 2012, additional issuance was slow,” said Phil Galdi, head of BofA Merrill Lynch Global Bond Index Research. “However, in 2013 more green bonds were issued than in the previous six years combined, and that volume has already more than doubled in 2014. Currently, there are $31 billion in qualifying green bonds included in the index, but that may just be the tip of the iceberg.”

Beijia Ma, thematic investing strategist, added: “It is estimated that the world needs up to $53 trillion in energy investments by 2035, including US$39 trillion to shift away from fossil fuels and $14 trillion for energy efficiency. We believe green bonds are a game changer in unlocking private capital to meet that funding requirement.”

The index has daily historical data back to its chosen inception date of December 31, 2010. Initially, the index would have been dominated by AAA-rated supranational issuers. The first qualifying green corporate constituent did not arrive until 2013. But in 2014, corporate issuers have contributed equally to the growth of the index and now make up a third of the index capitalization, improving the diversity of the index and also adding incremental spread, as the average rating has declined to AA2 with the addition of the corporates.

Key statistics as of September 30, 2014
Market Value (USD) $32.3bn
# Issuers 29
# Bonds 51
Yield 1.40%
Effective Duration 5.39
Average Rating AA2

Index rules
The BofA Merrill Lynch Green Bond Index tracks the performance of securities issued for qualified “green” purposes. Qualifying bonds must have a clearly designated use of proceeds that is solely applied toward projects or activities that promote climate change mitigation or adaptation or other environmental sustainability purposes. General debt obligations of corporations that are involved in green industries are not included. The index includes debt of corporate and quasi-government issuers, but excludes securitized and collateralized securities. Qualifying securities must have an investment grade rating (based on an average of Moody’s, S&P and Fitch) at least 18 months to final maturity at the time of issuance, at least one month remaining term to final maturity as of the rebalancing date and a fixed coupon schedule. Qualifying securities must be denominated in specified developed market and emerging market currencies. Securities denominated in a qualifying emerging market currency must settle on Euroclear. Currently qualifying currencies and corresponding minimum size requirements are provided below.

Developed Markets currencies

Minimum bond size

(local currency,


AUD 100
CAD 100
EUR 250
GBP 100
JPY 20,000
SEK 1,250
USD 250
Emerging Markets currencies

Minimum bond size

(local currency,


BRL 150
CLP 50,000
CNH 500
CNY 500
COP 200,000
CZK 2,000
EGP 500
HKD 750
HUF 20,000
IDR 1,000,000
ILS 300
INR 5,000
KRW 100,000
MAD 750
MXN 1,250
MYR 300
NGN 15,000
PEN 250
PHP 4,000
PLN 300
RON 300
RUB 3,000
SGD 100
THB 3,000
TRY 150
TWD 3,000
VND 2,000,000
ZAR 750

BofA Merrill Lynch Global Research
The BofA Merrill Lynch Global Research franchise covers more than 3,500 stocks and 1,180 credits globally and ranks in the top tier in many external surveys. Most recently, the group was named Top Global Research Firm of 2013 by Institutional Investor magazine; No. 1 in the 2014 Institutional Investor All-Europe survey; No. 1 in the 2014 Institutional Investor All-Asia survey for the fourth consecutive year; No. 1 in the Institutional Investor 2014 Emerging EMEA Survey; No. 2 in the 2014 Institutional Investor All-America survey; and No. 2 in the 2013 All-China survey. The group was also named No. 2 in the 2014 Institutional Investor All-Europe Fixed Income Research survey; and No. 2 in the 2014 All-America Fixed Income survey for the third consecutive year.

Bank of America
Bank of America is one of the world’s largest financial institutions, serving individual consumers, small businesses, middle-market businesses and large corporations with a full range of banking, investing, asset management and other financial and risk management products and services. The company provides unmatched convenience in the United States, serving approximately 48 million consumer and small business relationships with approximately 4,900 retail banking offices and approximately 15,700 ATMs and award-winning online banking with 31 million active users and more than 16 million mobile users. Bank of America is among the world’s leading wealth management companies and is a global leader in corporate and investment banking and trading across a broad range of asset classes, serving corporations, governments, institutions and individuals around the world. Bank of America offers industry-leading support to approximately 3 million small business owners through a suite of innovative, easy-to-use online products and services. The company serves clients through operations in more than 40 countries. Bank of America Corporation stock (NYSE:BAC) is listed on the New York Stock Exchange.

Bank of America Merrill Lynch is the marketing name for the global banking and global markets businesses of Bank of America Corporation. Lending, derivatives, and other commercial banking activities are performed globally by banking affiliates of Bank of America Corporation, including Bank of America, N.A., member FDIC. Securities, strategic advisory, and other investment banking activities are performed globally by investment banking affiliates of Bank of America Corporation (“Investment Banking Affiliates”), including, in the United States, Merrill Lynch, Pierce, Fenner & Smith Incorporated, which is a registered broker-dealer and a member of FINRA and SIPC, and, in other jurisdictions, locally registered entities. Investment products offered by Investment Banking Affiliates: Are Not FDIC Insured * May Lose Value * Are Not Bank Guaranteed.

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